Nia, its older name, probably derives from (he)neios, which in Greek means "tilled field", and refers to the fertile Unijsko Polje (Unije Field) which is, by the soil composition (loess), very similar to those on the islands of Susak, Vele and Male Srakane, and the Lošinj’s peninsula of Kurile. The continuity of the settlement, from prehistoric times until today is confirmed by a number of archaeological finds discovered both on the land and in the waters surrounding the island.
Both the northern and eastern sides of the island are steep and rocky, overgrown with evergreen holly oak, while the southern and western sides are flatter and form a bay, which is the only place where one can see mirrored in the sea the facade of the houses and fertile fields. This is an island of olive groves whose branches bear witness to their distant past. The highest point of the island is Kalk (132 m).
The remains of a Roman villa, shards of roof tiles and bricks bear witness to the ancient settlement of the island. It was inhabited even before the Ancient World, which is suggested by the name Gradina (“hill fort”) for the locations on the extreme northern and extreme south-eastern sides of the island, which, in fact, is the name for old Illyrian hill forts in this area.
There is a small airport on the island, 30 km from Pula Airport and 8 km from Lošinj Airport.
It is suggested that those arriving on the island with their own boat should use the more accessible western side of the island, the Bay of Maračol, where the sea is the deepest.
There are no cars on the island.
In the village, there are several restaurants, patisseries, bakeries, a post office and grocery stores and accommodation (rooms and apartments) is provided by the locals in their typical houses with wide gabled facades.
A regular boat line connects the island with Lošinj, and several times a week there is a catamaran line to Rijeka.